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Colores

Colores

Tutorial sobre colores, composición y los colores más comunes.


RGB

La paleta de colores RGB(Red - Green - Blue, en español: Rojo - Verde - Azul) está representada por tres pares hexadecimales según el siguiente formato:

#RRGGBB

Los valores, para cada uno de los pares, van desde 00(0 decimal) a FF(255 decimal).

Cuanto mayor sea el valor del par, tanto mayor será la intensidad de color de ese par.

La escala cromática de intensidad de color es:

  • mínima (nulo = 00)
  • media (mediano = 80)
  • máxima (saturado = FF)

Tabla simplificadora de colores

Primarios aditivos saturados (absolutos)

Nombre Valor hexadecimal Descripción
Rojo #FF0000
Verde #00FF00
Azul #0000FF
Blanco #FFFFFF

Primarios sustractivos nulos (absolutos)

Nombre Valor hexadecimal Descripción
Cyan #00FFFF
Magenta #FF00FF
Amarillo #FFFF00
Negro #000000

Secundarios y terciarios (medianos)

Nombre Valor hexadecimal Descripción
Gris #808080
Rosa #FF8080
Violeta #800080
Celeste #80FFFF
Marrón #800000
Naranja #FF8000
Lavanda #8000FF
Turquesa #00FF80
Oro viejo #BBBB20

Los colores estándard

El consorcio W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) tiene una lista de 16 colores que pueden ser validados con el validador de HTML.

Nombre Valor hexadecimal Descripción
Cyan #00FFFF
Gray #808080
Navy #000080
Silver #C0C0C0
Black #000000
Green #008000
Olive #808000
Teal #008080
Blue #0000FF
Lime #00FF00
Purple #800080
White #FFFFFF
Fuchsia #FF00FF
Maroon #800000
Red #FF0000
Yellow #FFFF00


Tabla con los códigos de colores >>>

En la Web